Are you, or is your spouse, a non-U.S. citizen? If so, several traditional estate planning techniques won’t be available to you. However, if you’re a U.S. resident, but not a citizen, the IRS will treat you similarly to a U.S. citizen.
If you’re considered a resident, you’re subject to federal gift and estate taxes on your worldwide assets, but you also enjoy the benefits of the $12.06 million federal gift and estate tax exemption and the $16,000 per recipient annual exclusion in 2022. And you can double the annual exclusion to $32,000 through gift-splitting with your spouse, so long as your spouse is a U.S. citizen or resident.